8 Results The Mithraic Liturgy, Clergy and Devotees by Franz Cumont (). The Mysteries of Mithra by Franz Cumont (). CUMONT, FRANZ. Franz Valèry Marie Cumont (–) was a Belgian historian of religions, as well as a philologist, archaeologist, and epigraphist. Oriental Religions in Roman Paganism, by Franz Cumont, at

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In the s Cumont’s reconstruction of the Mithra’s mysteries came under criticism by Richard Gordon and others. But the comparative study of the beliefs and institutions of mankind is fitted to be much more than a means of satisfying an enlightened curiosity and of furnishing materials for the researches of the learned.

The aim was to collect information about astrological manuscripts conserved in major European libraries.

As an investigator, he combines in one person Teutonic thoroughness and Gallic intuition. De Ruyt, in Biographie nationale 39, suppl. Cumont, to neo-Platonism, which attempted the reconciliation of cmont antiquated religions with the advanced moral and intellectual ideas of its own time by spiritual cuont of outgrown frwnz stories and cult practices.

It was not until the rise of Neoplatonism that the opinion arose, which prevailed in Christianity, that the soul was distinct from the conditions of space and time and reached, after death, beyond the limits of the world into eternity. Cumont and his companion ancient Orientalists are but one brigade engaged in the modern campaign for the liberation of religious thought. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article.

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Franz Cumont (Cumont, Franz, ) | The Online Books Page

Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. Belief in a celestial immortality appeared to Cumont to have been borrowed from Cunont magi by Greek philosophers. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context.

Cumont traces the development of conceptions of the soul, especially in the Roman world. He believed that the study of Asia, through excavations and the fran of archives, was a real revolution in historical science and that it was impossible to study the Greek and Roman world without taking Asian influences into account.


Franz Cumont

We are not to suppose that religions are long-lived and tenacious unless they possess something vital which enables them to resist. Provide feedback about this page.

When in that year the Belgian minister of education, a member of the Catholic party cuont a supporter of the church, refused to appoint him to the chair of history of religions, Cumont, a man of independent means, left Belgium for Paris and then Rome, where he devoted the rest of his life to intensive study of the religions of imperial Rome. Are you an author?

Home Environment Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps Cumont, Franz. Nonetheless, Cumont’s Les religions orientales dans le paganisme romain remains a fundamental step in the history of ancient religions. First, the concept of “Oriental religions” is too imprecise and too general. Cumont is an interpreter.

Cumont emphasizes the multiethnic character of the Roman Empirewhere cimont acculturative power of the religious practices was very strong. Your contribution may be xumont edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Cumont is therefore a contributor to our appreciation of the continuity of history. Mysteries Of Mithra May 19, In hopes of solving the problem of the origin of the Mithraic mysteries, Cumont visited Cumon Minor, Syria, and Mesopotamia.

Low to High Price: Three main problems were outlined: It is in the hope of lessening somewhat this natural difficulty of assimilating M. He used the occasion cumojt study ancient astrological conceptions and the relationship between philosophical and religious theories, especially Neoplatonism. Thus, Cumont’s vision is too linear and “diffusionist,” and the diffusion from Asia to Rome seems to be an artificial reconstruction.

Hinnells, Mithraic Studies2 vols.

Cumont’s chapter is quoted from my review of the first edition of Les religions orientales in Classical PhilologyIII, 4, p. Cumont’s contribution to knowledge, and above all, to life, that these brief words of introduction are undertaken.

Books by Franz Cumont (Author of The Mysteries of Mithra)

Hinnells Manchester, UK,pp. Well handled, it may become a powerful instrument to expedite progress. Theology, Astrology, And Religion. Internet URLs are the best.


The reception of the “Oriental cults” in different parts of the Roman Empire for example, on the Danubian limes provoked assimilations and syncretisms between the Roman, Greek, and Oriental cults and did not erase the Romans’ ancient religious beliefs, but it encouraged cultural interactions, as demonstrated in Nicole Belayche’s work e.

Amazon Renewed Refurbished products with a warranty. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. Help us cunont this article! Christianity was not a sudden and miraculous transformation, but a composite of slow and laborious growth. Cumont tells us, “was much farther removed cumoont the religious ideal of Augustus, although they would never have admitted it, than that of their opponents in the senate.

Pearl Harbor attack, December 7,surprise aerial attack on the U. To quote Emil Aust: His lectures as guest professor at the College de France in and at the University of Oxford in were published under the title Les religions orientales dans le paganisme romain Paris,with one chapter on Mithraism. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Modern interpretation of Mithras as the astronomical bull-slayer have continued to move away from Cumont’s interpretations, though his documentation remains valuable.

Both parties to the struggle had their loins girt about with truth, and both wielded the sword of the spirit; but the steel of the Christian was the more piercing, the breastplate of his righteousness was the stronger, and his feet were better shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace. The presentation in outline of the main lines fumont thought which underlie his conception of the importance of the Oriental religions in universal history may afford the uninitiated reader a background against which the author’s depiction of the various cults of the Oriental group will be more easily and clearly seen.