(EPROM). The device is organized into 64K words by. 8 bits (64K bytes). Accessing individual bytes from an address transition or from power-up (chip enable. DESCRIPTION. The M is a , bit UV erasable and electrically programmable memory EPROM. It is organized as 65, words by 8 bits. MF1 STMicroelectronics EEPROM DISC BY SGS 11/95 datasheet, inventory, & pricing.

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While parts of the same size from different manufacturers are compatible in read mode, different manufacturers added different and sometimes multiple programming modes leading to subtle differences in the programming process.

ns EPROM Datasheet

Paper data storage Drum memory Magnetic-core memory Plated wire memory Core rope memory s Thin-film memory Disk pack Twistor memory — Bubble memory — Floppy disk Cambridge University Press, p. Initially, it was thought that the EPROM would be too expensive for mass production use and that it would be confined to development only.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Shining ultraviolet light on any part of an unpackaged device causes a photocurrent to flow from the floating gate back to the silicon substrate, thereby discharging the gate to its initial, uncharged condition photoelectric effect.

The effects of this process on the reliability of the part would have required extensive testing so they reprom on the window instead. Erasure, however, has to be accomplished by non-electrical methods, since the gate electrode is not accessible electrically. Computer memory that can retrieve stored data after a power supply has been turned off and back on is called non-volatile.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Archived PDF from the original on All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from October Commons category link from Wikidata Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers.

It is an array of floating-gate transistors individually programmed by an electronic device that supplies higher voltages than those normally used in digital circuits.

A control gate electrode 72512 deposited and further oxide covers it. Since the whole memory array is exposed, all the memory is erased at the same time.

27512 EPROM

This prompted larger capacity devices to introduce a “signature mode”, allowing the manufacturer and device to be identified by the EPROM programmer. Views Read Edit View history.


Each field-effect transistor consists of a channel in the semiconductor body of the device. The first generation devices were fabricated with the p-MOS techology. As the quartz window is expensive to make, OTP one-time programmable chips were introduced; here, the die is mounted in an opaque package so it cannot be erased after programming — this 275112 eliminates the need to test the erase function, further reducing cost.

For large volumes of parts thousands of pieces or moremask-programmed ROMs are the lowest cost devices to produce. This method of erasure allows complete testing and correction of a complex memory array before the package is finally sealed.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Retrieved from ” https: Even dust inside the package can prevent some cells from being erased.

However, these require many weeks lead time to make, since the artwork for an IC mask layer must be altered to store data on the ROMs. The process takes several minutes for UV lamps of convenient sizes; sunlight would erase a chip in weeks, and indoor fluorescent lighting over several years.

This creates an avalanche discharge of electrons, which have enough energy to pass through the insulating oxide layer and feprom on the gate electrode.

ST Microelectronics – datasheet pdf

Each bit of the word is a 1 or 0, depending on the storage transistor being switched on or off, conducting or non-conducting. The floating-gate electrode has no connections to other parts of the integrated circuit and is completely insulated by the surrounding layers of oxide. Development of the EPROM memory cell started with investigation of faulty integrated circuits where the gate connections of transistors had broken. The switching state of the field-effect transistor is controlled by the voltage on the control gate of the transistor.

This page was last edited on 8 Novemberat Source and drain contacts are made to regions at the end of the channel. Magnetic tape Hard disk drive.

EPROMs are easily recognizable by the transparent fused quartz window in the top of the package, through which the silicon chip is visible, and which permits exposure to ultraviolet light during erasing. When the high voltage is removed, the electrons are trapped on the electrode.


EPROM programming is slow compared to other forms of memory.

Non-volatile memory Integrated circuits Computer memory. Often this label was foil-backed to ensure its opacity to UV. Like EPROM chips, such microcontrollers eepfom in windowed expensive versions that were used for debugging and program development. Stored charge on these isolated gates changed their properties. To retrieve data from the EPROM, the address represented by the values at the address pins of the EPROM is decoded and used to connect one word usually an 8-bit byte of storage to the output buffer amplifiers.

Photons of the UV light cause ionization within the silicon oxide, deprom allow the stored charge on the floating gate to dissipate. In effect, the stored charge on the floating gate allows the threshold voltage of the transistor to be programmed. Exposure time for sunlight of one week or three years for room fluorescent lighting may cause erasure. An insulating layer of oxide is grown over the channel, then a conductive silicon or aluminum gate electrode is deposited, and a further thick layer esprom oxide is deposited 2512 the gate electrode.

Digital Design and Fabrication.

ST Microelectronics

The erasing window must be kept covered with an opaque label to prevent accidental erasure by the UV found in sunlight or camera flashes. Presence of a voltage on this gate creates a conductive channel in the transistor, switching it on. However, as this was not universal, programmer software also would allow manual setting of the manufacturer and device type of the chip to ensure proper programming. International Trade Commission, ed. Because higher-density parts have little exposed oxide between the layers of interconnects and gate, ultraviolet erasing becomes less practical for very large memories.

The recommended erasure procedure is exposure to UV light at Storing data in the memory requires selecting a given address and applying a higher voltage to the transistors. It was soon found that small-volume production was economical with EPROM parts, particularly when the advantage of rapid upgrades of firmware was considered.