BASE AND SUPERSTRUCTURE IN MARXIST CULTURAL THEORY RAYMOND WILLIAMS PDF
Base and Superstructure in Marxist Cultural Theory is a critical essay critic and an influential figure in the New Left, Raymond Henry Williams. In Marxist theory, capitalist society consists of two parts: the base (or substructure ) and superstructure. The base. Type: Chapter; Author(s): Williams, Raymond; Date: ; Page start: 37; Page end: 45; Web address: ?id.
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SAGE Books – Base and Superstructure in Marxist Cultural Theory ()
theody The following is a write up on Base and Superstructure by Sudeepta Mukerji. Base and Superstructure in Marxist Cultural Theory is a critical essay by renowned Welsh academician, novelist, critic and an influential figure in the New Left, Raymond Henry Williams. His writings on politics, culture, the mass media and literature are some of the major contributions to the Marxist critique of culture and the arts. He also brings in the idea that in European language there is a possibility of synonyms which might alter the meaning of a word.
Williams says that this proposition can be contested due to the non-economical basis of some actions, such as philosophy and other such fields. He harps on the inter-dependence and inter-relation between activities which blur the distinction between economic base and superstructures but instead make them related and connected or intertwined with each other.
Williams also harps on the proposition of economic base being more crucial and vital for understanding the realities of cultural process. He says that base is never static or uniform since there are deep contradictions in the relationships of production thereby effecting the social willkams.
Williams talks about re-valuing notions in order to make them realistic and rational when placed in contemporary socio-economic relations. He argues that Marxist ideology is based on a certain economic structure which might be ambiguous when placed in the modern cultural scenario which is fast changing. He presents a much dynamic, interrelated and complex structure of the developing social conditions which in certain ways contradicts Marxist concepts of economic relations.
Williams says that most often the complexities of modern society cannot be examined based on the ideologies of Marxist concepts. One flaw in the concept of totality is that it can easily empty itself of the cultural phenomena attached to any concept.
But he contradicts himself and states that certain kind of practices and customs have been so naturalised that they have to be considered as a part of superstructure in order to understand reality. Williams finds the traditional notion of superstructure incomplete and ambiguous and shows his fear on the proposed concept of hegemony being viewed in a similar static and stereotypical manner. He also talks about the modern concept of re-inventing, re-modify and re-work on the existing notions and concepts to make them compatible with the contemporary scenarios.
He views the idea of hegemony not just as dominant or manipulative but as a complex power structure which is continuously modified and developed.
Such concepts change from place to place and time to time. Williams also introduces the distinction between residual and emergent form of cultures. He defines residual culture as a practice which has evolved or rooted out from a previously existing dominant culture.
Some of the religious cyltural which are influenced from the mainstream practices could serve as examples.
Notes on Raymond Williams “Base & Superstructure”
Williams associates emergent culture with the newly evolving cultural practices, which demand to be incorporated within the mainstream practice. Thus they are neither an individual cultural concept nor completely accepted in the mainstream culture. Such cultural practices are in a limbo like state.
Williams says the emergent culture will be valued and recognized if the dominant culture has a stake or interest on it. Otherwise an evolving culture might not receive due acknowledgement or recognition. It is an integral part of the society. He says that any form of writing is highly influenced by the dominant cultural practices in the society. It embodies features and believes of the dominant society.
He also says that some of the art expressions might include aspects of the emergent culture which might appeal to the masses.
Base and superstructure
thory Williams says that in modern cultural society, dominant culture should develop and change in accordance to the changing times and attitude of the masses in order to be realistic and remain dominant.
Literature thus coexists as a part of the dominant culture and becomes a prime mode of its articulation. Most critics seem to give little emphasis on the process of production. But Marxist model through its base and superstructure metaphor tries to stress and acknowledge the process of production.
Williams puts forth the contradiction of cultural theory as the work of art being perceived as an object and the alternative view of art as a practice. Art can be seen as an object, i. He says an active, encompassing and self renewing mode of analyses is what is needed to understand the cultural context and value of any studied material. Now you can view this blog on your mobile phones! Marixst following is a write up on Base and Superstructure by Sudeepta Mukerji Base and Superstructure in Marxist Cultural Theory is a critical essay by renowned Welsh academician, novelist, critic and an influential figure in the New Left, Raymond Henry Williams.
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