Genus Baphia refers to using the heartwood of the plant to extract a red dye. Species nitida refers to the wood having a polished surface. Ethnobotanical Uses . Widespread in west Africa, there are no major threats to this species at present. However, it is largely utilized locally throughout its range as a source of building. Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Fabales. Family: Fabaceae. Genus: Baphia. Species: B. nitida. Common Names .

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Elsewhere in Nigeria, the Tiv people rub it inside a gourd as an notida when they want to catch a swarm of bees to set up a beehive. In Yorubaland this ointment is also used by hunters setting off to collect honey from the forest as a protection against bee stings. You will receive a range of benefits including: Baphia nitida is an evergreen Tree growing to 10 m 32ft by 10 m 32ft.

Baphia nitida – Lodd. Seed – For best results cuttings should be taken from rather young parts of the plant[ ].

Baphia nitida occurs wild from Senegal to Gabon. Modern research has shown that several medically active compounds are present in the leaves, including saponins, flavonoid glycosides and true tannins[ ].

Baphia nitida – Useful Tropical Plants

Native, Naturalised and Cultivated Species. In southern Benin and south-western Nigeria, Yoruba ceremonial masks intida painted dark red with a decoction of the wood[ ]. The resulting solution is diluted with water until the desired dye bath concentration is obtained, which differs njtida to the fibre or type of textile to be dyed and the colour wanted. Baphia nitida baphia nitida 01 BE brussels In Nigeria and Ghana the pounded dried root, mixed with water and oil, is applied to a ringworm-like fungus attacking the feet.


See images of our work on Flickr. It was a major source of bright to dark red colours in the big European cotton-printing industries, e. Agroforestry Systems 42 1: For best results cuttings should be taken from rather young parts.

Citation in scholarly articles. There are 19 citations in Afrirefs related to Baphia nitida Lodd. Phytotherapy Research 5 6: Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this. By soaking the dried and ground roots in water a red liquid is obtained, which is used for painting furniture.

Camwood has long been used in traditional African medicine. A guide to the wayside trees niida Singapore. During colonial times it was exported from West Africa to textile mills in Europe where it was ground as a pigment for dyeing wool and preparing cotton and linen for indigo dyeing. In Nigeria the seeds are eaten by Igbo people and the twigs are used as chewing sticks.

Organic and Bio-organic Chemistry 2: Western Tropical Africa – Senegal to Gabon.


Baphia nitida

The export was mainly in the shape of logs cut into short lengths rather than in the form of powder or extract, allegedly to facilitate quality control. Leaves nitlda simple, alternately arranged, oblong-elliptic, cm long and strongly tipped. It was a major source of bright to dark red colours in the big European cotton-printing industries, e. An excellent hedge plant used in screening off areas, the height can vary depending on pruning to keep the hedge in nirida.

Because the dye does not dissolve well in water the wood is boiled for 1.

It was formerly cultivated as a dyewood. There are 8 Wikipedia citations related to Baphia nitida Lodd. Baphia nitida Baphia nitida x – 74k flickr. In the wool industry, camwood was not only used to obtain red colours but a large range of reddish to dark brown colours called? This useful tree is also ornamental, with slender, slightly weeping branches and small glossy leaves.

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A pharmacological evaluation of Baphia nitida Lodd Leguminosae ethanolic extract on rats and mice. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. Anti-nutritive and toxic factors in trees and shrubs used as browse. Baphia nitida SH baphia nitida.