Many athletes with a diagnosis of “sports hernia” or “athletic pubalgia” have a spectrum of related pathologic conditions resulting from. Athletes such as long-distance runners, soccer players, football players, lacrosse players, and wrestlers may hear the term “sports hernia” used to describe any. Athletic pubalgia, also called sports hernia, hockey hernia, hockey groin, Gilmore’s Groin, or groin disruption is a medical condition of the pubic joint affecting.

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The day after a match, getting out of bed or a car will be difficult.

Because of the frequent overlap in pain location for various hip and pelvis disorders, diagnostic anesthetic injections are useful to determine the primary pain generators.

References Caudill P, et al.

Athletic pubalgia

The evidence, however, is lacking regarding the short- and long-term efficacy of these sporys. This pain usually radiates to the adductor muscle region and even the testicles, although it is often difficult for the patient to pin-point the exact location. Hernka Med Soft Tissue Trauma. Athletix November 24, Retrieved from ” https: As pain in the groin and pelvis can be referred from a number of problems, including injuries to the lumbar spine, the hip joint, the sacro-iliac joint, the abdomen, and the genito-urinary system, diagnosis of athletic pubalgia requires skillful differentiation and pubic examination in certain cases where there is intense groin pain.


If an athlete is in season and able to function at a high level despite pain, nonsurgical treatment and occasional nonnarcotic analgesics eg, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, acetaminophen are appropriate with consideration for surgery after the season if still symptomatic.

Also, many athletes have concomitant weakness or tearing hernai the adductor muscles or labral tears of the hip. Deep anterior and lateral pain with prolonged sitting, flexion, abduction, and torsional activities can be secondary to intra-articular hip pathology.

Clin J Sport Med.

Athletic pubalgia (sports hernia).

Treatment Initial treatment usually includes avoiding painful activities and specific strength and flexibility exercises. Adductor and psoas-related pain can be identified with pubic cleft and psoas bursal injections, respectively. In-season surgery may or may not be season-ending depending on timing and the length of the season.

A recent study reported on 43 National Hockey League hockey players who had sports hernia surgery over 7 years Table 1. Shoulder and upper arm Rotator cuff tear. It may be helpful to avoid deep hip flexion, low repetition, heavy weight strength training during this recovery period.

Curr Sports Med Rep. Footnotes The author declared the following potential conflicts of interest: For higher level athletes, corticosteroid injections might be considered in an attempt to allow these athletes to complete a season.


Hip and Groin. Archived from the original PDF on In addition, core strengthening and not playing through pain is important. The pain is activity-related and generally resolves with rest. Fibers from the rectus abdominus, conjoint tendon a fusion of the internal oblique and transversus abdominusand external oblique merge to form the pubic aponeurosis.


No long-term follow-up was reported. Although the presentation can be variable, athletes typically complain of gradually increasing activity-related lower abdominal and proximal adductor—related pain. Management of both may be necessary in some instances to improve outcomes. An association between femoroacetabular impingement and athletic pubalgia has been recognized, with better outcomes reported when both are managed concurrently or in a staged manner. The mean modified Harris hip score improved sporst 75 points preoperatively to 96 points at a mean follow-up of 29 months.

It has been given many names in the past, such as sportsman hernia and hockey groin.

Athletic pubalgia (sports hernia).

This page was last edited on 2 Novemberat Outcome of conservative athleic of athletic chronic groin injury diagnosed as pubic bone stress injury. Brannigan et al 2 Gilmore 8.

Anterior spotrs test for labral lesions has high positive predictive value. High prevalence of pelvic and hip magnetic resonance imaging findings in asymptomatic collegiate and professional hockey players. Many conditions can cause athletic pubalgia, including tendon strains, nerve injuries, joint problems, and true hernias.